英语宾语从句(英语宾语从句例句)

今天给各位分享英语宾语从句的知识,其中也会对英语宾语从句例句进行解释。

本文目录一览:

英语的宾语从句

一.宾语从句的定义置于动词、介词等词性后面起宾语作用的从句叫宾语从句.宾语从句的语序必须是陈述语序.谓语动词、介词、动词不定式,v.-ing形式后面都能带宾语从句.有些形容词(afraid,sure,glad等)之后也可以带宾语从句.

二.宾语从句中引导词的用法在复合句中作主句的宾语,引导词有:连词:that (that 常可省略),whether, if

代词:who, whose, what ,which

副词:when ,where, how, why 等.

(一)that引导的宾语从句(在非正式场合that可以省略)可跟that从句做宾语的动词有:

say, think, insist, wish, hope, demand, imagine, wonder, know, suppose, see, believe, agree, admit, deny, expect, explain, order, command, feel, dream, suggest, hear, mean, notice, prefer, request, require, declare, report等.

例句:The boy believes that he will travel through space to other planets.

注意事项:当主句谓语动词是 think, believe, suppose, expect 等词,而宾语从句的意思是否定时,常把否定转移至主句表示.

例句:I don’t think it is right for him to treat you like that.

在以下情况中that不能省略当句中的动词后接多于两个由that引导的宾语从句时,第一个that可省,但后面的that不可省.

例句:He said (that) you were too young to understand the matter and that he was asked not to tell you.当主句的谓语动词与that宾语从句之间有插入语时,that一般不可省.

例句:Just then I noticed, for the first time, that our master was wearing his fine green coat and his black silk cap.当that从句是双宾语中的直接宾语时,that不可省.

例句:I can’t tell him that his mother died.

注意事项:当主句谓语动词是 think, believe, suppose, expect 等词,而宾语从句的意思是否定时,常把否定转移至主句表示.

例句:I don’t think it is right for him to treat you like that.

在以下情况中that不能省略当句中的动词后接多于两个由that引导的宾语从句时,第一个that可省,但后面的that不可省.

例句:He said (that) you were too young to understand the matter and that he was asked not to tell you.当主句的谓语动词与that宾语从句之间有插入语时,that一般不可省.

例句:Just then I noticed, for the first time, that our master was wearing his fine green coat and his black silk cap.当that从句是双宾语中的直接宾语时,that不可省.

例句:I can’t tell him that his mother died.注意事项:许多带复合宾语的句子,that引导的宾语从句经常移到句子后部,而用it作形式宾语.

例句:I find it necessary that we should do the homework on time.

(二)由whether,if 引导的宾语从句由whether(if)引导的宾语从句,实际上是一般疑问句演变而来的.意思是“是否”.宾语从句要用陈述句语序.一般说来,在宾语从句中whether与if可以互换使用,但在特殊情况下if与whether是不能互换的.

例句:I wonder whether(if) they will come to our party.

只能用whether,不能用if引导的宾语从句在带to的不定式前

例句:We decided whether to walk there.

在介词的后面

例句:I’m thinking of whether we should go to see the film.在动词后面的宾语从句时

例句:We discussed whether we had a sports meeting next week直接与or not连用时

例句:I can’t say whether or not thet can come on time.只能用if不能用whether引导的宾语从句if引导条件状语从句,意为“如果”

例句:The students will go on a picnic if it is sunny.

if引导否定概念的宾语从句时

例句:He asked if I didn’t come to school yesterday.引导状语从句even if(即使)和as if(好象)时

例句:He talks as if he has known all about it.

(三)连接代词和连接副词引导的宾语从句这样的宾语从句实际上是由特殊疑问句变化而来的,宾语从句要用陈述句语序.用于这种结构的动词常常是:see, say, tell, ask, answer, know, decide, show, find out, imagine, suggest, doubt, wonder, discover, understand, inform, advise等.

英语中的连接代词有:who,whom,whose,which,what,在句中担任主语、宾语、定语或者表语.

例句:Can you tell me whom you are waiting for?

英语中的连接副词有:when,where,why,how,在句中担任状语的成分.

例句:None of us knows where these new parts can be bought.

三.宾语从句的语序宾语从句的语序是陈述句语序即:连接代词/副词+主语+谓语+其他成分.例句如下:

I don’t know what they are looking for.Could you tell me when the train will leave?Can you imagine what kind of man he is?

四.宾语从句的时态主句是一般现在时,从句根据实际情况使用任何时态.

例句:The headmaster hopes everything goes well.主句是过去时态,从句须用过去时态的某种形式.

例句:She was sorry that she hadn’t finished her work on time.当宾语从句表示的是一个客观真理或者事实时,即使主句是过去时,从句也用一般现在时态.

例句:The teacher told his class that light travels faster than sound.

五.宾语从句的特点宾语从句可以作及物动词、介词及形容词的宾语.宾语从句的语序一律用陈述句语序.连接词that引导宾语从句在句中无词义,不充当句子成份,多数情况下可以省略.whether 和 if 都可引导宾语从句,但 whether后可紧跟or not;whether从句可作介词的宾语.如果从句太长,可以用形式宾语it.

什么是宾语从句?有什么特点?

宾语从句,是名词性从句的一种。在主从复合句中充当宾语,位于及物动词、介词或复合谓语之后的从句称为宾语从句。宾语从句分为三类:动词的宾语从句,介词的宾语从句和形容词的宾语从句。

宾语从句

1.that引导宾语从句无意义,不充当句子成分常省略.但下列情况除外:

(1)介词宾语从句的that不省略

(2) and连接的几个从句,第二个从句以后的从句的that不省略.

He told me that he had two sons and that they both had gone to college.

(3)在动词+it+宾语补足语+宾语从句结构中,that不省略.

I heard it said that he had gone abroad

We found it impossible that he could finish it in such a short time

2.Whether ,if 引导宾语从句:两词可互换,但是下列情形除外:

(1)whether从句中有or not

(2)whether从句做介词宾语

Everything depends on whether you agree with us

3.许多带复合宾语的句子,宾语从句经常移到句子后部,而用it做形式宾语.结构常是:

主语+动词+it+形容词/名词等宾语补足语+宾语从句

We think it wrong that he told a lie to everyone

扩展资料

置于动词、介词等词性后面起宾语作用的从句叫宾语从句。宾语从句的语序必须是陈述语序。谓语动词、介词、动词不定式,v.-ing形式后面都能带宾语从句。有些形容词(afraid,sure,glad等)之后也可以带宾语从句。

时态:

1 主句是一般现在时,从句根据实际情况使用任何时态

例句:The headmaster hopes everything goes well.

2 主句是一般过去时,从句须用过去时态的某种形式

例句:She was sorry that she hadn’t finished her work on time.

3 当宾语从句表示的是一个客观真理或者事实真理时,即使主句是过去时,从句也用一般现在时态

例句:The teacher told his class that light travels faster than sound.

介宾从句

用whether之类的介词宾语从句。

用that,if引导的介词宾语从句,有时候except,but,besides三个介词后可见到that引导的宾语从句。

动宾从句

大多数及物动词都可以带宾语从句。

部分“动词+副词”结构也可以带宾语从句。

动词短语也可以带宾语从句,常见的这些词有:

make sure(确保)、make up one’s mind(下决心)、keep in mind(牢记)

可运用形式宾语it代替的宾语从句

①动词find,feel,consider,make,believe,think等后面有宾语补足语的时候,则需要用it做形式宾语而将that宾语从句后置。

②有些动词带宾语从句时需要在宾语从句前加it(双宾语)这类动词主要有:hate,take,owe,have,see to.award,lend.hand,mail,offer,pass,pay,post,read,return,show,teach,tell

英语宾语从句用法详解

宾语从句用法要抓住三要素:引导词、语序和时态。

1、从句为陈述句,常选择引导词that,that引导宾语从句无意义,不充当句子成分常省略。例句:He told us (that)they would help us through the whole work。

2、从句为一般疑问句,常选择引导词if或whether,表示“是否”。在 whether … or not 结构中不能用 if 替换。例句:I don't know if there will be a bus any more。

3、从句为特殊疑问句,常选择what,when,where,which,who,how等的疑问代词、副词作引导词。例句:He didn't tell me when we should meet again。

英语中什么是宾语从句 最好细一点有例子 最好细一点有例子

1.宾语从句在句中作及物动词或介词的宾语,从句放在主句之后,前后不用逗号分开.

2.引导宾语从句的词有:

连词that(在口语中that常可省略),if, whether,如:

He knows that Jim will work hard.

连接代词who, whom, which等,如:

Do you know who (whom) they are waiting for?

连接副词when, where, how, why等,如:Could you tell me how we can get to the station?

3.whether和if都有“是否”的意思,一般情况下两者可以换用,但在介词之后,

不定式之前,与or not连用,在句首或在引导表语从句,同位语从句时,只能用whether,如:I want to know if/whether the news is true. He doesn't know whether to stay or not?

4.宾语从句要用陈述句语序.

5.宾语从句一定要注意时态呼应,即:当主句谓语动词是过去式时,从句中谓语动

词也要用过去范畴的时态,但若从句陈述的是真理或客观规律,其谓语的时态仍用一般现在时,如:

He asked who could answer the question.

My father told me that the earth goes around the sun.

6.一个宾语从句只能用一个连词.

7.当主句谓语动词是think, believe等动词时,宾语从句的否定意义要放到主句中.另外,当主句主语为第一人称时,后面若接附加疑问句,那么附加疑问句的主语、谓语应与从句中的主谓语保持一致.如:

I don't think he looks like his father, does he?

8.直接引语和间接引语也是宾语从句,直接引语是引述别人的原话,放在引号内,

不用连词联接;间接引语是用自己的话转述别人的话,通常用连接词与主句联接.

(1)陈述句变为以that引导的宾语从句,如:

He said,“I'm happy.”[FY()[FY]]He said that he was happy.

(2)一般疑问句变为if(whether)引导的宾语从句,如:

He asked me,“Does his father know Mr Green?”

---He asked me if his father knew Mr Green.

(3)特殊疑问句变为由who, what, where, how等疑问词(连接代词或连接副词)引导的宾语从句,如:

He asked me,“Where is Mr Wang?”

---He asked me where Mr Wang was.

注意上述例句中连词、时态、语序等变化.

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